By S. Akbarzadeh
The center East has been the center piece of yank overseas coverage for many years. As President Barack Obama faces carrying on with wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the nuclear debate in Iran and the ubiquitous Israeli-Palestinian clash, the way forward for this zone is once more firmly within the foreign highlight. America’s demanding situations within the higher center East charts U.S. coverage in the direction of key center jap states and evaluates the impression of the present Administration’s rules. This edited quantity brings jointly scholarly opinion from a various diversity of world-recognized specialists and is the definitive textual content at the Obama Administration’s engagement with this unstable, but politically very important, a part of the realm.
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These sectoral and institutional ties will build an underpinning for a more strategic relationship, should the political alignments in Baghdad and Washington favor it. Iraq’s reintegration into the Middle East region and its potential as a middle power in international politics will be strengthened by a successful partnership with the United States, along side [sic] the evolution of its military and political institutions. S. interests and security needs. 28 If it is to take full advantage of these potentialities, the United States must develop a long-range vision of a future relationship that will fully integrate such “sectoral and institutional ties,” as well as the political, security, and intelligence dimensions that could transform Iraq and its relationship with the United States into a strong foundation for a new regional political-military order.
Indd 42 5/16/2011 1:21:41 PM S au di A r a bi a : A C on t r ov e r s i a l Pa r t n e r s h i p 43 grow over the coming decades. 28 This is not an abstract or theoretical discussion for the Saudis; oil accounts for about 89 percent of state revenue, and they want their customers to keep buying, not abandon oil in favor of other energy sources. S. waters previously closed to drilling may assuage Saudi anxieties on this point. Inter-Arab Politics In Obama’s first year, the Saudis demonstrated their independence from, and differences with, Washington on multiple fronts in addition to Iraq.
Invasion of Iraq has reordered Middle East politics in a profound way and disturbed the traditional balance of power. No more—at least for now—can Iraq be expected to play its traditional role as bulwark against Iran and a strongman of Arab politics. S. allies such as Saudi Arabia were profoundly distressed by the war and occupation, which they believed left them exposed to an onslaught of Kurdish separatism and Shia ascendancy that threatened to destabilize other Persian Gulf states and perhaps the region itself.
America's Challenges in the Greater Middle East: The Obama Administration's Policies by S. Akbarzadeh