Download e-book for iPad: American Architecture by David P. Handlin

By David P. Handlin

ISBN-10: 0500203733

ISBN-13: 9780500203736

The USA has continuously offered a different problem to architects: may still they emulate the previous global or reply to the calls for of the recent? David Handlin tells the advanced tale with lucidity and perception. virtually from its seventeenth-century beginnings, American structure was once topic to 2 it sounds as if contradictory processesthe functional and the grandiose. the 1st comes via within the vernacular structures of rural the United States, the recommendations of Jefferson, Bulfinch's effective civic structures, the places of work and factories of the economic Age, and the comfy household culture that lies in the back of the homes of the Greene Brothers and Frank Lloyd Wright. the second one is noticeable within the remarkable bold of the Chicago Schoolgreat engineers like Adler united with nice designers like Sullivan; within the majestic kingdom capitols, exhibition halls, and public constructions via organisations comparable to McKim, Mead & White; within the luxurious of 5th road mansions; and within the exuberance of business Manhattan.The revised variation ends with a full of life account of modern developmentsvirtual structure, the revival of old types (including modernism), the thirst for impressive originality, and a brand new curiosity within the neighborhood, with figures together with Stern, Meier, Gehry, and Mockbee. 264 illustrations.

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Th e tryin g sta te o f architectural practi ce had impo rtant impli ca ti ons for the di scussio n o f architectural prin cipl es. Fo r exa m ple, w hen Latro be used fo rm s ba sed o n G ree k precedents in hi s Bank o f Pennsy lva ni a, he attached no ideo log ica l sig nifi ca nce to th ese o ri g ins , beyond a ge nera l sense o f appro priateness. H o wever, by T8 14 a fe w Am eri cans were alrea d y cl aimin g a special affinity between th e Ameri can and Greek republics . When th e Greeks w ent to war with th e Turk s in 182 T, th e Greek temple front beca m e th e sy mbo l of republican ism .

Badger: Front Elevation of a Building in Chicago, 1865. 70 John Kellum & Son: A. T. Stewart Store (Wanamaker 's), New York City, 1859-60. the largest and most styl ish stores were made of cast-iron sections that were fabricated in factories, sold through catalogs, and shipped to building sites for quick assembly. M anufacturers of cast-iron elements were not precursors of modern architecture. They attached no sign ifi cance to cast iron' s structural capabilities and made no attempt to ca pitalize on the fact that cast iron could render an external wall non-load-bearing.

Only four other cities then had more then 25,000 residents and only 7 percent of the population lived in communities with a population of 2,500 or more. The self-contained and isolated nature of these settlements also matched that of their ancient counterparts. In the l 82os the journey even between cities as close as Hartford and New Haven was difficu lt. Roads were bad, navigation routes were not systematically charted, and ships and coaches did not run according to a regular schedu le. Transportation remained rudimentary because few people needed to travel.

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American Architecture by David P. Handlin

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