By Jeroen van Craenenbroeck
Within the Nineteen Eighties generative grammar famous that practical fabric is ready to undertaking syntactic constitution in conformity with the X-bar-format. This perception quickly resulted in a substantial bring up within the stock of practical projections. the elemental notion at the back of this line of theorizing, which matches via the identify of cartography, is that sentence constitution might be represented as a template of linearly ordered positions, each one with their very own syntactic and semantic import. lately, even if, a couple of difficulties were raised for this technique. for instance, sure mixtures of syntactic components can't be linearly ordered. In gentle of such difficulties a couple of replacement bills were explored. a few of them suggest a brand new (often interface-related) set off for circulate, whereas others search substitute technique of accounting for numerous notice order styles. those choices to cartography don't shape a homogeneous workforce, nor has there so far been a discussion board the place those rules will be in comparison and faced with each other. This quantity fills that hole. It bargains a assorted and in-depth view at the place taken through a considerable variety of researchers within the box at the present time on what's possibly the most hotly debated and debatable matters in present-day generative grammar.
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If y is interpreted as ‘someone’, then (6a) and (7a) differ in the set of alternatives from which the contrastive focus is selected, namely the set of things that John would give Mary versus the set of things that someone would give Mary. The proposal put forward above makes a number of predictions. The first set of predictions has to do with the interaction between DoC marking and well-formedness constraints on information structure. It is usually assumed that the first partitioning of a sentence at information structure distinguishes a topic and a comment.
This prediction is not about what cannot be contained in the domain of contrast, but rather about what must be contained in it. In particular, it can be shown to follow from our assumptions that a contrastive topic cannot move to a position below a contrastive focus. This is not because there is something inherent in the notion of DoC marking that requires a contrastive focus to be part of the DoC for a contrastive topic. However, if it is not included in this domain, the resulting discourse will be incoherent.
Nou, dat weet ik niet, maar . . ‘Well, I don’t know, but . . ’ a. ik geloof dat PIET Jan om de liniaal heeft willen I believe that Peter John for the ruler has want vragen. ask b. # ik geloof dat PIET [om de liniaal]1 Jan t 1 heeft willen John has want I believe that Peter for the ruler vragen. ask c. ik geloof dat [om de liniaal]1 PIET Jan t 1 heeft willen I believe that for the ruler Peter John has want vragen. ’ The leading sentence in (13) sets up a context in which we are discussing the various things that his fellow workers have asked John for.
Alternatives to Cartography by Jeroen van Craenenbroeck