By Paul E. Fontenoy
Airplane companies: An Illustrated historical past in their influence КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns and WarfareАвтор(ы): Paul FontenoyЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2006Количество страниц: 420ISBN: 1-85109-578-0Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 9.25 mb speedy Ifolder zero
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Additional resources for Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
A case of mistaken identity caused by fog on the river earlier in the morning made the German fleet jittery. Fog caused the pilots to lose their way and forced them to descend to fix their positions, only to be driven off by antiaircraft fire. Low on fuel, the British pilots attacked whatever targets they could find, and then turned back toward the carriers. One pilot actually succeeded in dropping his bombs on the base at Cuxhaven, without causing any damage, but he most probably was lost and hit his target by accident.
They also reintroduced catapults into fleet carriers. The four catapults, two on the flight deck and two fitted athwartships on the hangar deck, could launch aircraft of up to 7,000 pounds at 70 mile per hour. In fact these catapults were used very infrequently until late in World War II. The hangar deck catapults, in particular, were hardly ever used (the Enterprise, for example, used its 19 times in 1939 and 3 times in 1940) and they were removed in June 1942 from the two vessels then still in service.
The Fairey Swordfish began replacing the Seal from 1936, its arrival signaling the end of the Royal Navy’s commitment to singlepurpose carrier-borne reconnaissance types. Unlike other fleets, the Royal Navy also briefly deployed highly specialized gunnery observation aircraft equipped with facilities intended to maximize their effectiveness in this limited role. 9A light bomber featuring an observation cupola below the fuselage to accommodate the gunfire spotter. Powered by a 450horsepower Napier Lion engine, it reached a top speed of 124 miles per hour and had a range of 350 miles.
Aircraft Carriers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact by Paul E. Fontenoy