By Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi
This exact case research explores the dramatic fiscal and social alterations that the rice belt of Laguna Province has skilled within the final quarter-century. in addition to significant advances in rice expertise, expanding inhabitants strain, land reform courses, transforming into infrastructure, and concrete financial actions have speeded up the velocity of swap. using a special info set equipped from a number of surveys from 1966 to 1997 in a customary Laguna village, the authors illustrate a trend of socioeconomic improvement shared by way of irrigated rice parts all through Asia.
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Additional resources for A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines
All are invited to every villager’s feast, involving an extravagant expense relative to the villagers’ income. However, it is not clear how strong a grip Catholicism has on the minds of villagers. According to Akira Takahashi (1972), authentic Catholic belief is strong among the urban middle to upper classes in the Philippines, but urban labourers tend to be attracted more to the new variants of Christianity (such as Iglesia ni Cristo), and rural villagers believe in Malayan animism alongside Catholicism.
More important, under the fixed land rent, the income transfer to new lease holders increased automatically by the amounts that rice yields increased. In effect, Operation Leasehold established a right of tenants to receive a part of the economic return from the land. With the progress of the new rice technology, the part of the income from land that accrued to tenants progressively increased relative to that accrued to landlords. Correspondingly, the income position of leasehold tenants improved significantly relative to agricultural labourers who did not receive any claim on the income from the land through the reform.
Chapter 8 derives the same conclusion from the analysis of product marketing. An important finding from the study of rice marketing in East Laguna Village is that small farmers are not necessarily passive agents to be exploited by traders. Many are active entrepreneurs involved in trading, and their participation makes the rice market highly competitive and efficient. Penetration of urban economic activities into the village economy operates ubiquitously through the product, labour and other input markets.
A Rice Village Saga: Three Decades of Green Revolution in the Philippines by Yujiro Hayami, Masao Kikuchi