By Emma Short
Latin is considered one of appropriate languages for describing new vegetation, and taxonomists has to be in a position to translate past texts in Latin. offering an easy rationalization of Latin grammar besides an in-depth vocabulary, this is often an quintessential consultant for systematic botanists world wide. All correct elements of speech are mentioned, with accompanying examples in addition to labored workouts for translating diagnoses and outlines to and from Latin. instructions for forming particular epithets also are incorporated. The authors cross-reference their grammar to Stearn's Botanical Latin and to articles within the foreign Code of Nomenclature for Algae, Fungi and crops. the great vocabulary is improved with phrases from fresh glossaries for non-flowering crops - lichens, mosses, algae, fungi and ferns - making this an awesome source for an individual trying to hone their figuring out of Latin grammar and to translate botanical texts from the prior three hundred years
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Additional info for A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary
A calyx Case Nominative Accusative Genitive Dative Ablative Singular calyx calycem calycis calyci calyce the/a calyx (subject) the/a calyx (object) of a calyx to/for a calyx by/with/from a calyx Plural calyces calyces calycum calycibus calycibus the calyxes (subject) the calyxes (object) of the calyxes to/for the calyxes by/with/from the calyxes Fourth declension (Stearn pp. 87–88) In this declension the nouns have a stem ending in ‘u’. The nominative singular ends in either ‘us’ (masculine or feminine) or just ‘u’ (all neuter).
Unlike those of other languages, Latin verbs are listed in a dictionary not by the inﬁnitive (to live, to grow), but by the ﬁrst person singular of the present indicative active (a real mouthful, but if you want to look up the correct part of the verb you want, you need to know this, as tables of Latin verbs can look quite daunting). In other words, you look up sum (I am), not esse (to be), or cresco (I grow), not crescere (to grow).
25 Comp. g. ‘stellate-pubescent’, ‘greenish-white’. When using this form in Latin, the ending of the ﬁrst adjective is modiﬁed to end in ‘o’ if it is group A, in ‘i’ if it is group B or C. They are sometimes joined by a hyphen. The ﬁrst adjective of the pair is not declined, only the second. Do not use this form to show a range from one to another – for this use the word ‘to’ (‘oblong to elliptic’) or an en rule (‘oblong–elliptic’), but the latter could be mis-interpreted by the reader as a hyphen.
A Primer of Botanical Latin with Vocabulary by Emma Short