Download e-book for kindle: A philological approach to Buddhism : the Bukkyō Dendō by K. R. Norman

By K. R. Norman

ISBN-10: 0203985710

ISBN-13: 9780203985717

ISBN-10: 0728602768

ISBN-13: 9780728602762

This quantity includes a little bit revised types of the lectures given through Professor Norman as Bukkyo Dendo Kyokai vacationing Professor on the tuition of Oriental and African reports from January to March 1994. The lectures are designed for readers with little

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Additional info for A philological approach to Buddhism : the Bukkyō Dendō Kyōkai lectures 1994

Example text

It is a striking fact that, as Buddhism spread, it followed the trade routes, being propagated either by “missionary” traders or by bhikkhus who travelled with the caravans under the protection of the traders. The Buddha was born in Nepal, and his name was Siddhattha. The traditional story states that his father Suddhodana was a king, that is to say a rājā. e. a ,4 and in this context, in a place some way away from the Gangetic plain, it is probable that it still meant a minor tribal chieftain, at the head of the Śākya clan.

31 M I 141, 11. 32 For the occurrences of brahman in the Pāli canon, see Bhattacharya, 1989. A philological approach to Buddhism 24 the sense of “excellent, perfect”. e. the living of a celibate life, learning the Vedas. e. a holy, celibate (or in the case of married couples, a chaste and moral) life”. In the brahma-patha means “the way to brahman or Brahmā”. e. 34 It would literally mean “dwelling in brahman or with Brahmā”, although it is not attested in that usage in Sanskrit. It perhaps shows a trace of its original meaning in a sutta35 in which the Buddha speaks to young brahmans who were disputing the correct way to obtain brahmasahavyatā.

And, with that proviso, I will go on now to talk about the information that philology can give us about Buddhism and its origins. We are all familiar with the account of the origin of Buddhism which we find in the Indian tradition. The Buddha-to-be was the son of an Indian king. Despite his father’s attempts to ensure that his son should see no sign of old age, sickness or death, he became acquainted with the suffering existing in the world and the advantages of the ascetic life by seeing four signs at the age of twenty-nine.

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A philological approach to Buddhism : the Bukkyō Dendō Kyōkai lectures 1994 by K. R. Norman

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