By E. H. Bunbury
A historical past of historical Geography one of the Greeks and Romans, From the Earliest a long time until eventually the autumn of the Roman Empire - Vol. II by means of E. H. Bunbury.
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Extra resources for A History of Ancient Geography Among the Greeks and Romans from the Earliest Ages till the Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 2
Plin. B. N. v. 195). , oUd,O'nn, Plin. B. N. vi 88, § 206. Thia f 40. 3S POLYBIUS. '. I. ' In consequence of this error he had to bring down the coasts of Gaul an d Liguria much too far to the south, and give a much narrower form to the Mediterranean, than had been suppoeed by Eratosthenes and his followers, who, as we have seen, placed Massilia almost exactly in its true posi tion. 1 But in this case, as in several nm total wu made 11p of the following detaila :-From the Strait. in a straight line due east to Sicily he reckoned 1260 miles and a half, tbenoe to Crete • • • S75 mil1111 ,.
8mcT. 2. monarchs in POLYBIUS. 31 that country are among the most valuable ma terials fo r the determination of its geography. These have indeed been preserved to us ch iefly at second-h and ; but the few fragments of the original that remain are sufficient to show how cloeely the narrative of Polybius has been followed by Livy; and we may rely with confiden ce on the geogra phical details furnished by the latter, in this part of his work, being derived immediately and wholly from his Greek au thority.
He appears to have con sidered this as the most northern part of the continent of Europe. This circumstance would alone show how com plete was his ignorance of the adjoining regions. The most remote people of the interior of whom we find mention are the Arverni : ' but there is little doubt that his knowledge in this direction was really more extensive. ·§ 5. In no respect was Polybius more in advance of all his predecessors than in his knowledge of the Alps. The import ance of this great chain of mountains as one of the main geographical features of Europe could not fail indeed to force itself upon the attention of all observers as soon as the Romans had extended their conquests to the foot of the great barrier, which encircled Italy on the north, and appeared to cut off all communication with the nations beyond.
A History of Ancient Geography Among the Greeks and Romans from the Earliest Ages till the Fall of the Roman Empire, Vol. 2 by E. H. Bunbury